Gadaladeniya Temple

Gadaladeniya Temple

Gadaladeniya Temple

Gadaladeniya temple or viharaya is an old monastery built on top of a rock in Pilimatalawa in Kandy district of Sri Lanka. The temple was built during the era of King Buwanekabaghu IV in 1344 AD. Gadaladeniya viharaya was built with the influence of South Indian architecture and done by architect Ganesvarachchari.

Temple is also known as Saddharmatilaka Vihara or Dharma Kirthi Viharaya. You can reach to the temple through Gadaladeniya road (B116) and is approximately 12.5 Kms to the west of the Kandy City. And located closely to the Lankathilaka viharaya.

History

The history of the temple goes back to the 14th century. According to historical reports this temple was built in 1344, under the patronage of King Bhuvanekabahu IV, who reigned from 1341 to 1351 A. D., by the Ven. Seelavamsa Dharmakirti. The architecture of the temple was designed following Hindu artistic styles by, Ganesvarachari, a South Indian architect. On the rock outcrop, upon which the temple stands, is a carved inscription regarding the temple’s construction. The temple was constructed in the Dravidian architectural style[6] incorporating Sinhalese architecture from the Polonnaruwa era and other Indo Chinese architectural patterns.

Celebrated scholarly monks who have resided at the temple include Sangharaja Dharmakirti II, the author of the Sangharaja-Nikāya (14-15th century) and Vimalakirti I.

The temple was abandoned until King Vira Parakrama Narendra Sinha (1707-1739) handed over it to Weliwita Sri Saranankara Thero, who’s pupils have looked after the temple ever since.

For more information, visit Wikipedia.

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Buddha Statue at Dambulla Cave Temple

Dambulla Cave Temple

Dambulla Cave Temple

Dambulla Cave Temple is a highly conservative cave temple in Sri Lanka. It is located in the Matale district of Central province.

Temple was built by King Wattagamini Abhaya (famously known as Walagamba) in 89 BC to 77 BC.

Around 75 caves were found from the site and believed to be used for dwelling of monks. Out of them five (5) caves were built as shrine rooms.

Following is a list of them;

  1. Dewraja Viharaya
  2. Maharaja Viharaya
  3. Mahaaluth Viharaya
  4. Paschima Viharaya
  5. Dewana Aluth Viharaya

In the caves 151 Buddha statues are found with different positions and “mudras”. Also found are three (3) statues of Gods and two (2) images of “Bodhisathwa”. Three (3) images of Kings can  be found as well.

Thousands of locals and foreigners visit the cave temple each day.

For more information visit : Wikipedia

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Nalanda Gedige (Black & White)

Nalanda Gedige

Nalanda Gedige is an ancient complete stone temple near Matale, Sri Lanka. Its original site was considered as the center of Sri Lanka. The building was constructed in between 8th and 10th centuries. And has used dravidian architecture and is believed to have been used by Buddhists.

Also some scholars describe this building is a dravidian architecture dedicated to a Mahayanaa cult with pronounced Trantric learning and known for an ancient monument of possible Vajrayana (Tantric) Buddhist affinities.

Source: Wikipedia (The Free Encyclopedia)

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Udawaththakele Forest Reserve

Udawaththakele Forest Reserve

Udawaththakele Forest Reserve is a historic forest reserve with a Royal touch and located on a hill in the hill capital city of Kandy. It covers an approximately 257 acres of area. (104 hectares)  The reserve is famed for its wide-ranging avifauna. The forest reserve contains a huge variety of plant species, especially lianas, shrubs and small and giant trees.

Source : Wikipedia

Udawattakele was known as “Uda Wasala Watta” in Sinhalese which means “the garden above the royal palace”. It was used as a pleasure garden by the Kandyan kings and the Royal family. The pond in the forest was used by the crowned heads for bathing. It was a “Forbidden forest” for the general public as they were restricted from accessing the forest.

Biodiversity

A study has revealed that there are nearly 400 species of plants inclusive of ferns, orchids and lianas. Around the lake is mostly covered with exotic Mahogani and Myroxlion balsamum and most of the forest reserve is covered with some introduced species of trees. A breathtaking beauty is added by native liana, which is called as “Wevel” and other exotic creepers.

Mammals & Birds

The reserve boast of a rich vegetation and it helps many wild animals. Udawaththakele hosts 15 different mammals, 32 species of Butterflies and more than 80 species of Birds and many varieties of reptiles and amphibians. Among the large mammals, Barking Deer, Wild-boar and Toque-monky  can be seen inside the Park. Dark fronted babbler, Gray horn-bill, Hill myna and Layard paraquet can be seen as well. Other commonly found birds are Owls, Eagles, Kingfishers, Wood-peckers and Fly-catches.

Aquatic Animals

Fresh water turtle species named Black Turtle and fish species of Thilapia also found in the pond at the Udawaththakele forest reserve.

Puss-wel (Giant liana)

A giant liana named Pusswel (Entada puseatha) is spread across nearly 2 hectares can be found and it is estimated to be 200 years old.

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Royal Botanical Garden

Royal Botanical Garden

Royal Botanical Garden is located approximately 5 km from the hill capital city of Kandy.

Botanical Garden Peradeniya

Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya

As per the reports the garden attracts nearly 2 million visitors annually. It is located near the longest river (Mahaweli River) of the island.

Peradeniya Botanical garden has a fine collection of Orchids and managed by Department of Agriculture. It has a collection of more than 4000 species of plants, spices, medicinal plants, palm trees and orchids. Garden covers 147 acres of land and located 460 m above sea level.

Royal Botanical Garden

Royal Botanical Garden

Resource : Wikipedia (The Free Encyclopedia)

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Water Spilling - Victoria Dam

Victoria Dam

Victoria Dam

Victoria dam is an Arch dam built across Sri Lanka’s longest river, which is Mahaweli River six (6) km from Teldeniya. The main purpose to build this is for irrigation and hydroelectric power production.  This dam is the tallest dam in the country. This was declared open by President HE J R Jayawardane in 1985.

Victoria Dam

Victoria Dam

The dam measures 122 m (400 ft) tall. It creates the Victoria reservoir, which spreads a surface area of 22.7 Km2. Dam consist of eight (8) spillways, which opens automatically when water levels are high.

The dam’s gates, which need power only to close, won an award for “Innovative Design in Civil Engineering” by the Institution of Civil Engineers.

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Bogoda Wooden Bridge

Highway Museum

Highway Museum, Kiribathkumbura

The Highway Museum is the first of its kind built in Sri Lanka. It is located in Kiribathkumbura, Kandy. The museum is maintained by the Road Development Authority (RDA).

Visitors can visit the place without any entrance fees. Also there is no time restrictions since it is located in an open space.

It has a pool of past construction equipment like Stone Road Rollers, Steam Road Rollers,Oil Road Rollers, Tar Boilers, Coal scales, Road Signs.

A model of the Bogoda Wooden Bridge is constructed there as well. It is stated that some of the equipment on exhibition is more than 175 years old.

Bogoda Wooden Bridge

Bogoda Wooden Bridge

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Tuskers at the Kandy Esala Perahera

The Kandy Esala Perahera

 

Kandy Esala Perahera is an annual spectacle in the island nation. This pageant is known as one of the mostly celebrated festival by the Sri Lankan in a grand scale. 

Getting Ready

Maligawa Tusker

There are numerous number of perahara celebrations in Sri Lanka. All perahera celebrations depend on the religion, particularly Buddhism. The Esala Perahera in Kandy is one of the most established and most amazing of every single Buddhist event in Sri Lanka. Despite the fact that it is a Buddhist occasion, different religions lovers likewise partake here. The Perahera in Kandy marches along the roads to respect the sacrosanct Tooth Relic and the four ‘gatekeeper’ divine beings: Natha, Vishnu, Kataragama and Goddess Pattini.

Drummers

Drummers

The pageant is held yearly in July and August on days settled by the Diyawadana Nilame of the Dalada Maligawa (Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic).

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Sri Dalada Maligawa (Patthirippua)

Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic

Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic

The Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic is temple located in the city of Kandy in Sri Lanka. It houses the relic of the Lord Buddha, which is an object of veneration for Buddhists. This is locally known as “Sri Dalada Maligawa“.

Evening view of the Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic

Evening view of the Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic

This is the most sacred Buddhist shrine in the World. It is worshiped not only by  the Buddhist of Sri Lanka, but by Buddhists all around the Globe.

The Tooth Relic is positioned in the upper floor in a chamber known as “Vadahitina Maluwa”. The entrance to the chamber is covered with gold, silver and ivory. The Sacred Tooth Relic is wrapped in a gold caskets studded with precious stones. Outer casket is embossed by valuable stones offered to the Tooth Relic.

Front view of the Paththiruppuwa (Octagon)

Front view of the Paththiruppuwa (Octagon)

The first Temple for the Relic in Kandy was built by King Wimaladharmasuriya I, who selected Kandy as the Capital for ruling. Presently there are no remains of this temple.

Wimaladharmasuriya II built a three storied temple. And King Viraparakrama Narendrasinha, the last Sinhalese King to rule the country, newly built is a two storied temple after sighting that the ancient temple built by his father had decayed. Then King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe built the “Pattirippuwa” (Octagon) which used by Kings to address the general people.

The Kandy Esala Perahera

The Kandy Esala Perahera

The Kandy Esala Perahera also called as The Festival of the Tooth is a grandly celebrated festival. This pageant is celebrated during the months of July and August. And is an Annually celebrated festival.

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