Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park is one of the best national parks to spot Elephants in Sri Lanka. It is located in the district of Polonnaruwa in North Central Province. And it is about 190 km from the commercial city of Colombo. Also it is nearly 120 Km from the sacred city of Kandy. 

The national park can be reached by Colombo – Trincomalee main road. Its entrance is positioned 22 Km North of Habarana.

Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park is the best park to go on a safari to watch Elephants. Safari jeeps are available throughout the day, but the most preferred time is the evening. Evening is less busy and elephants can be spotted. A tour can be completed within 4 to 5 hours.

National park is a dry green forest which spread over an area of nearly 6700 hectares. Park includes Relapanawa reservoir, Olumadu Wewa reservoir, Puliyan Kalla Wewa reservoir, Minneriya – Kanthale Yoda Ela canal and Aluth Oya stream. Since all these situated closely to each other, park get submerged in water for several months in the year.

Climate of the Park

The national parks annual average rainfall amounts between 1500 mm – 2000 mm. North-Eastern monsoon is the main source of rain. During the period of April – October a dry weather condition prevails at the park. The average annual temperate fluctuates between 20 C – 35 C.

A herd of elephants
Kaudulla National Park
Kaudulla National Park © TripAdvisor

Wildlife at the park

Main attraction of the Kaudulla National Park is the herd of Elephants. At times the herd comprises 200+ Elephants. September and October are the best times to visit and enjoy the sight of large herd of Elephant. As per the sources in 2008, 211 of elephants were counted at the national park. Other than that 23 species of Mammals, such as Sambar Deer, Sri Lankan Axis deer, Chervrotain, Wild boar and Sloth bear can be seen. The peak time to visit the park is between June to September.

The national park is also a great place for bird watching. Also numerous species of reptiles can be spotted as well. As per the information there are 160 species of birds, such as Spot-billed Pelican, Lesser Adjutant, Asian Spoonbill, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Black-headed Ibis, Painted Stork and Openbill Stork are common sights.

Horton_Plains_2

Horton Plains National Park

Horton Plains National Park

The Horton Plains National Park is a beautiful highland plateau located in central highlands of Sri Lanka. It is a protected area with an elevation of 2100 – 2300m above sea level which is 6900 – 7500 feet. In 2006, along with Knuckles Conservation Forest was declared as a World Heritage site. National Park is accessible via Ginigathena or via A5 road which connects Peradeniya with Chenkalay in the east via Gampola and Nuwara Eliya. This was declared as a National Park in 1988 and it is one of the popular tourist destinations in Sri Lanka.

Weather at National Park

It receives an annual rainfall of greater than 2000 millimeters (79 in). Amount of sunlight received by the plants is limits by the frequent cloud cover. Annual temperature is 13 C (55 F), but the temperature differs noticeably during the course of the day. It reaches as high as 27 C during the day time and drops as low as 5 C at night. Although rain falls throughout the year, a dry season can be seen from January to March. During the South-West monsoon season, the wind speed can be very high. Horton Plains is considered as one of the most important watershed in the Island.

Horton plains are the headwaters for few important rivers such as Mahaweli, Kelani and Walawe. It also feeds Belihul Oya, Agra Oya, Kiriketi Oya, Uma Oya and Bogawanthalawa Oya. Slow moving streams, waterfalls and swamps are few wetland habitats can be seen in the park.

Tourist Attractions

Horton Plains National park has become a popular tourist destination due to World’s End being the utmost popular. It is a 700 m vertical drop, which gives a marvelous view of the valley below.

Bird watching is another popular routine for a tourist. National Park consists of 21 endemic bird species such as Sri Lanka Superfowl, Sri Lanka Junglefowl, Yellow-fronted barbet, Orange-billed babler, Sri Lanka bush warbler and Sri Lanka Whistling thrush. Also four species namely the Sri Lanka Magpie, Dull-blue flycatcher, Sri Lanka White-eye and Sri Lanka Wood pigeon can only be seen at the National park. There also are a variety of migrant birds such as Crested serpent eagle, Mountain hawk and Black-winged kite.

               Most frequently seen mammal is the Sambar deer, a population of 2000 is estimated.

Sri Lankan Monkey

Horton Plains National Park is a beautiful and picturesque place in Sri Lanka, where a tourist needs to visit when in the island of Sri Lanka. Others include Toque macaques, Purple faced langur, Kelaart’s long-clawed shrews, Sri Lankan leopard, Wild boar, striped necked mongoose and Spotted chevrotain. And one of the world’s most endangered primate, the Red slender loris can be seen here.

Sri Lankan Monkey

Monkeys of Sri Lanka

A total number of three (3) species on Monkeys can be found in the Island of Sri Lanka. Tufted gray langur and purple-faced leaf monkey are of Langurs species and Toque macaque is of macaque species.

Udawattakele Sanctuary
Monkeys at Udawattakele Sanctuary

Endemic to Sri Lanka are Purple-faced leaf monkey and Toque macaque,
while gray langur can also be found in India too. In wet zone area jungles
Purple-faced leaf monkey can only be found. And Gray langurs can only be found
in dry zone of the Island. Toque macaque shows island wide distribution.

Purple-faced leaf monkey

Purple-faced langur

Purple-faced leaf monkey is also known as
purple-faced langur, a species of Old World monkey and is endemic to Island
nation of Sri Lanka.It is mostly brown in appearance and dark face and a very
shy in nature. Once a highly widespread species found in many parts like suburban
Colombo and the “wet zone” villages, but rapid urbanization has led to a
considerable decrease of their population.

Monkeys of Sri Lanka can be found of family groups which include six (6) to ten (10) members. A group consist of related mature females, sub-adults, juveniles and infants of both sexes, with dominant unrelated male. The dominant male will lead the group and keep an eye on all activities and movements done by the group members.

Most Islanders consider monkeys as pests since they tend to destroy crops all around the island.

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