Tuskers at Esala Perahera of Kandy City

Glittering Esala Perahera in Kandy

Glittering Esala Perahera in Kandy

Tuskers at Esala Perahera of Kandy City

Esala Perahera in Kandy or Dalada Perahera is perhaps the world’s oldest religious pageant. It held for the 1790th time this year. It is held in the August to honour the sacred Tooth Relic of Buddha which reposes in the Dalada Maligawa or the Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy.

The sacred Tooth Relic was brought to Sri Lanka by Princess Hemamala and her husband Prince Dantha from Kalinga State, and handed to then King Kirthi Sri Meghawarna (AD 303 – 331), who reigned in Anuradhapura. The king reverently accepted the precious relic and deposited it in a mansion called the Damma Cakka Geha which was built by the first Buddhist King of Sri Lanka, Devanampiyatissa. Initially it was kept at the Meghagiri monastery, currently called Isurumuniya.

During that time the sacred Tooth Relic was taken to the Abhayagiriya in a procession and it is considered the origin of the Dalada Perahera. According to the Chulavamsa, King Kirthi Sri Meghawarna began the Perahera in the 10th year of his reign and continued till 372 AD.

Sacred Tooth Relic was brought to Senkadagala by the King Vimaladharmasuriya (AD 1591 – 1604).

The reign of King Kirthi Sri R​Rajasinghe (AD 1747 – 1810) is considered as the golden era of Buddhism. Even though he belonged to the Indian Nayakkar Dynasty, he did much to the Buddhism. During his time he ordered to held the individual Peraheras of the  Four Devala and the Dalada Maligawa Perahera together as a one perahera, with the advice of the Ven. Sanga Raja, Velivita Sri Saranankara thera.

Tuskers at the Kandy Esala Perahera

The Kandy Esala Perahera

 

Kandy Esala Perahera is an annual spectacle in the island nation. This pageant is known as one of the mostly celebrated festival by the Sri Lankan in a grand scale. 

Getting Ready

Maligawa Tusker

There are numerous number of perahara celebrations in Sri Lanka. All perahera celebrations depend on the religion, particularly Buddhism. The Esala Perahera in Kandy is one of the most established and most amazing of every single Buddhist event in Sri Lanka. Despite the fact that it is a Buddhist occasion, different religions lovers likewise partake here. The Perahera in Kandy marches along the roads to respect the sacrosanct Tooth Relic and the four ‘gatekeeper’ divine beings: Natha, Vishnu, Kataragama and Goddess Pattini.

Drummers

Drummers

The pageant is held yearly in July and August on days settled by the Diyawadana Nilame of the Dalada Maligawa (Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic).

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Sri Dalada Maligawa (Patthirippua)

Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic

Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic

The Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic is temple located in the city of Kandy in Sri Lanka. It houses the relic of the Lord Buddha, which is an object of veneration for Buddhists. This is locally known as “Sri Dalada Maligawa“.

Evening view of the Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic

Evening view of the Sacred Temple of Tooth Relic

This is the most sacred Buddhist shrine in the World. It is worshiped not only by  the Buddhist of Sri Lanka, but by Buddhists all around the Globe.

The Tooth Relic is positioned in the upper floor in a chamber known as “Vadahitina Maluwa”. The entrance to the chamber is covered with gold, silver and ivory. The Sacred Tooth Relic is wrapped in a gold caskets studded with precious stones. Outer casket is embossed by valuable stones offered to the Tooth Relic.

Front view of the Paththiruppuwa (Octagon)

Front view of the Paththiruppuwa (Octagon)

The first Temple for the Relic in Kandy was built by King Wimaladharmasuriya I, who selected Kandy as the Capital for ruling. Presently there are no remains of this temple.

Wimaladharmasuriya II built a three storied temple. And King Viraparakrama Narendrasinha, the last Sinhalese King to rule the country, newly built is a two storied temple after sighting that the ancient temple built by his father had decayed. Then King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe built the “Pattirippuwa” (Octagon) which used by Kings to address the general people.

The Kandy Esala Perahera

The Kandy Esala Perahera

The Kandy Esala Perahera also called as The Festival of the Tooth is a grandly celebrated festival. This pageant is celebrated during the months of July and August. And is an Annually celebrated festival.

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